How to Remove Dark Spots on Your Skin

Dark spots occur on the skin when some areas of the skin overproduce melanin. Dark patches are the most common skin issues among people. And this article today we will look at medical treatments and home remedies to eliminate dark spots on your skin.

Dark spots on the skin are the result of sun exposure, age, or more commonly the previous skin inflammation. Dark patches are actually not a cause for concern and treatment. But people may want to remove them for aesthetic reasons.

Below is some treatments to get rid of dark spots on the skin.

Medical treatments

When you come to see a dermatologist, he might offer you cream or procedures treatments. The main purpose is to lighten the darker skin area or sometimes completely remove them.

Procedures treatments

Indeed, procedures treatments is far more expensive than cream and more likely to cause side effects. However, they can bring faster and more significant results. Some of the most commonly-used treatments are laser, microdermabrasion, chemical peels, cryotherapy.

Note that only have these treatments done at the trusted medical center and by the qualified doctors. And taking good care of your skin after the treatment is essential to reduce the side effects.

Prescription creams

Depends on the size and the cause of dark spots, you can use the prescription skin-lightening cream. This cream can lighten the darker skin area and solve the issues of uneven skin tone.

However, it might take several months or even years for the dark patches to fade away.

Home remedies

Instead of going to the clinic, many people find home remedies effective to get rid of dark spots on their skin.

Natural remedies

Some people believe that natural remedies can effectively eliminate dark spots on the skin. The most popular remedies include: potato juice, aloe vera, lemon juice, coconut oil,…

However, there is no evidence that these natural treatments can remove dark patches on the skin. Some of them can even lead to skin issues if overusing. But if people use them sparingly, they might be the good addition to other treatments.

Over-the-counter Creams

Not as strong as prescription creams, over-the-counter creams might work with certain kinds of dark spots.

Creams and serums contain effective lightening ingredients can solve the uneven skin tone issues. They might speed up the exfolidation of the skin as well as promote the growth of new skin. Vitamin C in cream can protect against the damage of sunlight and also reduce the formation of melanin.

However, be careful to choose lightening creams. Only choose the one recommended by the dermatologists as the other might do harm to your skin.

Learn about the different types of dark spots

Since dark spots can be caused by a number of different factors, learning about the different types will give you a head start when it comes to figuring out how to get rid of them.

Figure out what’s causing yours

Once you know what you’re dealing with, you’ll be able to choose a course of treatment and start making lifestyle changes to prevent more dark spots from showing up.

See a dermatologist for a diagnosis

The dermatologist will have a special magnifying lamp he or she can use to take a close look at your skin to determine what’s behind your dark spots. In addition to conducting a physical examination, the doctor will also ask you a series of questions about your lifestyle to help figure out what’s going on. The dermatologist will advise the best course of action for treating your existing dark spots and preventing more from showing up.

Start with manual exfoliation

If you’ve only had the dark spots for a month or two, they may be contained within the top few layers of your skin. You might be able to get rid of them by simply exfoliating your face. Exfoliation is the process of removing the top layer of skin, bringing new skin to the surface.

Try a topical acid treatment

These are available both by prescription and over the counter. They contain alpha hydroxy acids, beta hydroxy acids or retinoids. The application of these different acids removes the top layer of dead skin cells, allowing fresh cells to grow so that the skin is rejuvenated. These treatments are used to treat hyperpigmentation of all types.

Consider a chemical peel

If surface treatments don’t sufficiently fade your dark spots, you might consider a chemical peel. Chemical peels literally remove the top layers of your skin. They often contain the acids described above in high concentrations. They are classified by three levels of strength: light, medium and deep.

Try microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is a procedure that uses very fine crystals to “sandblast” the dark spots off your skin. A new, fresh layer of skin grows in place of the skin that was removed. Treatments are usually done once a month over several months.

Look into laser treatment

Laser treatment, also called Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) therapy, uses quick pulses of light to destroy dark-spot causing melanin. The pigmented areas absorb the light and shatter or vaporize. Your body heals the spot by forming a scab and growing new, fresh, unpigmented skin in its place. Laser treatment is highly effective, but expensive, and can be painful.

Rub your skin with citrus

Citrus fruits contain abundant amounts of Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, along with citric acid. These acids help slough off the top layer of skin without causing damage.

Slice up a papaya

Papaya fruit contains the enzyme papain. Papain helps exfoliate the skin, making way for new skin cells to emerge. Papaya also contains Vitamin C and Vitamin E, so it’s a dark spot fading superstar. Papain is most concentrated while the papaya is still green, but you can use riper fruit as well.

Reach for aloe vera

The aloe vera plant has many health benefits. It’s an excellent moisturizer, and is effective for healing sunburns. It can also help fade dark spots. If you have an aloe plant at home, break off a small piece, squeeze the pulp into your hand and apply it directly to your dark spots. You can also find aloe gel in stores. Pure aloe vera will work best, so make sure you’re purchasing a 100% aloe vera product.

Try a red onion

Onions have acidic properties that act to lighten dark spots on skin. It’s worth a try if you don’t have a lemon on hand! Peel a red onion, cut it into chunks, and process it in either a juicer or a blender. Use a cotton ball to dab some of the onion on your dark spots, and let it sit for 15 minutes before rinsing it off.

Final Word

Generally, there are various ways to eliminate dark spots on your skin. The effective of treatments depends on the size, and the cause of your dark spots. Hopefully, this article can help you explore different ways to remove dark patches.

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